Xi knows farming – he had first come to Iowa as a Communist Party leader to study farming practices that could help his agriculture region back home. And he knows the importance of increasing food production for his country and for the entire world.
This raises the tantalizing possibility of China becoming a top ally in the U.S. push to end hunger through agriculture development. The two countries have deep differences on a number of issues, but this may be one on which they can agree: creating the conditions for the world’s smallholder farmers, particularly those in Africa, to be as productive as possible. It would be good for those farmers – among the poorest and hungriest people on the planet – and good for all of us. For those smallholder farmers are indispensable if we are to conquer the greatest challenge facing the world over the next couple of decades: nearly doubling food production by 2050 to meet the demand of a population that is growing in both size and prosperity.
Earlier this year, we reported on China’s first white paper on foreign aid. It was clear in that document that agriculture development, particularly in Africa, was a top Chinese focus. “China makes agriculture, rural development and poverty reduction in developing countries priorities of its foreign aid,” the white paper stated. It talked about building farms and agro-technology demonstration centers, constructing irrigation and water-harvesting systems, supplying agriculture machinery and farm implements, dispatching agriculture experts to spread knowledge of new technologies, and providing agricultural training in the recipient countries.
And the paper said this: “China has been increasing its aid for agriculture and grain production in particular. In recent years, food security has become a global issue.”
In a way, it sounded like China’s version of President Barack Obama’s Feed the Future Initiative, which seeks to end hunger by working with developing country governments to improve their agriculture systems. Obama has championed this cause from his very first days in office, prodding his fellow G8 leaders to adopt their own Food Security Initiative three years ago. And he’ll have another prime opportunity to advance agriculture development when he hosts the G8 meeting in Chicago in May.
But beyond that set of world leaders (which doesn’t include China), a U.S.-China partnership could strike a mighty blow against hunger. The two countries are the leading agriculture producers in the world. They are competitors and also trading partners. Together they could drive agriculture development in lands far beyond their borders by sharing efforts in research, education and investments.
After Xi returned to the site of his first visit, Muscatine, Iowa, he moved on to Des Moines for the initial U.S.-China Agricultural Symposium, accompanied by Han Changfu, China’s agriculture minister. There, U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack zeroed in on the possibilities.
"First, we have responsibility and opportunity to work together to address the causes of global hunger that affect more than 925 million people,” Vilsack said. "Current population trends mean we must increase agricultural production by 70% by 2050 to feed more than 9 billion people. I look forward to strengthening partnerships with China to support agricultural productivity in nations where far too many millions go hungry. The expertise, technical know-how, research and combined will of our two nations can go a long way to filling empty stomachs and improve incomes and economies around the world.”
For inspiration, they were meeting at the headquarters of the World Food Prize, which was established by Norman Borlaug, an Iowa native who became the father of the Green Revolution. In that building are tributes to the World Food Prize laureates who have dedicated themselves to ending hunger through agricultural development.
Borlaug was adamant about the necessity of government leadership and cooperation in spurring the production of more -- and more nutritious -- food. Perhaps surrounded by his aura in the building that stands as a monument to agricultural development, the seeds of a new alliance to end hunger were sown.